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Pills that contain hormones that prevent ovulation (release of an egg from the ovary), thicken the cervical mucus and tighten the uterine lining. There are two types of pills - combined pills that contain estrogen and progesterone and pills that contain only progesterone.
There are different types of pills with different dosages. To know which type is right for you, consult a gynecologist. The pills are given by prescription only.
Used correctly: 99%
Used incorrectly: 90% -99%
How to use
The first pill is recommended to be taken on the first day of menstrual bleeding, in which case the protection begins immediately. If you start the pack on any other day of the menstrual cycle, the protection will start after two weeks (until then, another method of contraception must be used, for example, a condom).
The pills should be taken every day, recommended at the same time.
How to take by pill
21 pills - one pill should be taken every day, recommended at the same time, after 21 days of taking a break of 7 days, these days you are expected to have a period, after 7 days of rest a new pack should be started regardless of whether or not there is bleeding.
28 pills - a pill containing 24 active pills and 4 dummy pills (in a different color) You should start the pack from the active pills and take the pills in a row, one pill every day, recommended at the same time, during 4 dummy pills you are expected to menstruate. At the end of the pack a new pack should be started immediately regardless of whether or not there is bleeding.
Progesterone-only pills - These pills should be taken daily, recommended at the same time, non-stop. There may be slight stains - this is a normal phenomenon with this type of pill.
What may impair the effectiveness of the pill?
Missing a pill - Missing a pill is a situation where you forgot to take the pill and more than 12 hours have passed since you were supposed to take it. In this case, the protection is damaged for a week and additional contraception must be used. (More information on what to do in case of missed pill below)
Vomiting or diarrhea - In case of vomiting or diarrhea within three hours after taking the pill there is a risk of damaging the defense. Take another pill (from a reserve pack) or treat the case as a missed pill
Taking Antibiotics - Some types of antibiotics may impair the effectiveness of the pill. It is recommended that you consult a doctor or pharmacist if you have been given antibiotics and are taking pills.
There are some possible side effects from using the pills. It is important to note - not all women experience side effects, and for some women the symptoms pass within three months of use. There is no way to know in advance how you will react to the pills and sometimes there is a period of experimenting different types that you come to the type that is most suitable for you. Most side effects are not dangerous but may be unpleasant and interfere with quality of life.
Side effects can include: nausea, chest congestion, light bleeding, swelling, decreased libido, vaginal dryness, mood swings (example: depression) and more.